What is the scope of highway engineering?

highway engineeringHighway engineering is a branch of civil engineering. It is concerned with the designing, constructing and maintenance of various kinds of roads.

Besides designing, constructing and maintaining roads of different types, highway engineering is also concerned with the study of

– Planning, location, and development of roads: A highway engineer needs to identify areas that require connectivity. He needs to come up with a plan to connect the remote areas in an efficient way. They, then have to implement such plans and repeat the process. Developed roads need to be evaluated on a regular basis by such highway engineers.
– Material availability: A highway engineer needs to ascertain the requirement of materials. Adequate material is a must for the smooth and orderly conduct of construction activities. He also needs to avoid overstocking as that will simply increase the carrying costs. Therefore, he needs to set the stock level in such a way that the materials in the inventory can satisfy both normal and abnormal consumption.
– Traffic performance and control: The objective of the plan should be to reduce traffic and congestion. Alternate routes need to be kept in mind while devising a plan.
– Drainage system: While planning, special attention should be given to drainage. Easy drainage ensures smooth working in monsoon seasons.

Roads contribute greatly to the economy of any country. They allow easy transportation of goods and raw materials from one place to another. Places that have good connectivity attract more business. This is because of the ease of doing business. Not just goods, roads also help people travel from one place to another. Therefore, it can rightly be said that roads are like arteries of a country.

Importance of highway engineering

1. It facilitates the transport of raw materials, goods, and people to different areas.
2. They help us in connecting with remote regions or areas that are hard to reach out to like mountainous regions. Villages, and towns.
3. Distribution of manufactured products and agricultural products throughout the country. Due to efficient distribution, price volatility is reduced and inflation is kept in check.
4. Provide quick medical facilities to those who reside in areas that lack such facilities.
5. Provide opportunities for employment to people involved in construction activities.

Therefore roads can rightly be called the symbol of progress. Thus the country’s development can be ascertained by the development and quality of its road connectivity.

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